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觼珛眳衭

2018-08-29

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Executivesfromcentralandlocalindustryandcommercefederations,andprivatecompaniesattendtheconferenceinBeijingonMarch21,2017.[Photoprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn]Thevalueofnewly-signedcontractshasreached$126billion,withChineseprivatecompaniesplayingamoreimportantroleininvestmenttosupporttheBeltandRoadinitiative,accordingtoaconferenceheldbytheChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerceinBeijingonMarch21.That"sontopofthe$1.45millionalreadypumpedintothe53countriesandregionsalongtheBeltandRoadbyChinain2016.PrivatecompaniesfromdifferentfieldsaroundthecountrysharedtheirinvestmentexperiencesinBeltandRoadcountriesattheconference.Conductingin-depthduediligence,especiallywiththeassistanceofprofessionalthirdpartyinstitutions,iscriticalinpreventinginvestmentrisks,saidNanCunhui,chairmanofChintGroup,acompanyfocusingonindustrialelectricalequipmentproductionandcleanenergyfields.Localizingtheoperation,includingpurchasinglocalplants,recruitinglocalemployeesandcooperatingwithenterprisesindestinationcountriesarealleffectivemeasurestoavoidtradebarriersandincreasecompetencies.Resourceintegrationcanalsopushforwardsupply-sidereformathome,addedthechairman.MostBeltandRoadcountrieshaveunder-developedagricultureproduction,andtheynotonlydemandgoodsandtechnologiesfromChina,butalsointegratedsolutions.AsLinYinsun,chairmanofagriculturalcompanyZhengbangGroupsaid,thecompanypromotedan"enterprise+farmer"modeandtransferredlocalfamilyworkshopstofactoriesinAngola,Egypt,andBangladesh,andearnedsupportfromthetribechieftotheAgricultureSecretaryinthesecountries.IndustryandcommercefederationsnationwidealsoplayakeypartinassistingsmoothandeffectiveexplorationofprivatecompaniesinBeltandRoadcountries.LeiYuanjiang,chairmanoftheIndustryandCommerceFederationinEastChina"sJiangxiprovince,saidtheycompiledBeltandRoaddocumentsforitsmemberenterprises,andestablishedaBeltandRoadservicecenterinOctober2015.TheFederationformedanallianceinDecember2016tomanageenterprisebehaviorandpreventviciouscompetitioninoverseascountries,whichhasattracted126membercompaniestodate.TheFederationalsoestablishedconnectionswith54federationsinBeltandRoadcountriesandregionsandsignedcooperationagreementswith22ofthem.AccordingtoZhengYuewen,chairmanoftheChinaInternationalChamberofCommerceforthePrivateSector,theChamberhascompletedsigningMOUswithfederationsinBeltandRoadcountries,andplanstobringtogetherleadersofchambersinBeltandRoadcountriesforanannualsummitstartingthisyear.WangQinmin,chairmanoftheChinaFederationofIndustryandCommercealsopointedoutpitfallsforprivatecompaniesinvesting,includingweaklegalconsciousnessandriskawareness,anddisorderlyinvestment.TheFederationplanstoestablisharegistrationmechanismforBeltandRoadcountryinvestmentandputitonlineinJunethisyear.TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:It"swhereimaginativeyouthimagine.Softmusicwaftsfromarecordplayerperchednexttothecafe"sbar.Youngpeoplesurroundingitthumbthroughbooks,massagepaintbrushesintoartworksandfiddlewiththeirphones.Severalengageinheateddiscussionatalectureinthenextroom.Othersrestintheirownroomsupstairs.It"slikeanyFridayafternoonat706YouthSpace.Theestablishmentisablendofalibrary,coffeeshop,hostelandeventcenter."706isaculturalandinformationharborcateringtoyoungpeople"sneeds,"founderWuFangrongsays."Itoffersalternativelifestyles."ThespaceislocatedinBeijing"sWudaokouarea,whichhousesthicketsofuniversities,includingsomeofthecountry"smostelite.Itspatronshailfromallwalksoflife.Thatincludesasubcultureof"slashers"ㄜpeople,whoeachhaveseveral"slashcareers"ㄜseekingaplacetoliveandaplatformtomakefriendsandshowcasetalents.Sleepiscrucialforbabies,andtomarkWorldSleepDay,whichfellonMarch21,diaperbrandPampersispromotingawarenessonsleeptrainingfortheyoungones.AccordingtoaWhitePaperontheSleepQualityofChineseBabiesreleasedinDecemberlessthan6percentofparentsknowwhytheirbabiesdonotenjoyagoodnight"ssleep."Manyparentsdonothaveanunderstandingoftheimportanceofteachingababytosleep,"saysWangRonghui,aninfantdevelopmentexpert,whoisalsoababysleepconsultant."RecentresearchinCanadashowsthatpropereducationonbabysleeptrainingcouldresolve40percentofbabies"sleepproblems,"saysWang.Theconsultantalsosuggeststhatparentspayattentiontotheirbaby"ssignalstoguidethebabytosleep,suchasthebeginningofatranceandthegradualquietnessofthebody."Cradlesongsareimportantandeffectiveincomfortingandcalmingbabiesandguidingthemtofallasleep,"shesays.AccordingtotheWhitePaper,babiesagedbetween6and12monthsinparticularhaverestlessnightsandwakeupmultiplestimes."Andwetandleakydiaperscandisrupttheirsleep,"saysWang."So,overnightdiapersarebetterbecausetheyarethickerandmoreabsorbentthanregularones."Related:

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香港文匯報訊(記者張帥北京報道)昨日,推進「一帶一路」建設工作領導小組辦公室副主任、國家發展改革委副主任、國家統計局局長寧吉F在國新辦發佈會回應香港文匯報,指共建「一帶一路」的項目給相關國家帶來的是有效投資,外媒所報道的一些國家債務問題,與「一帶一路」建設及其項目沒有必然聯繫。中國是後來者非最大債權方寧吉F指,共建「一帶一路」的項目要經過企業科學的可行性研究和嚴格的貸款審核,都有資本金比例要求和資金回報要求,也都有資產負債率約束,否則項目是通不過的,所以不會帶來超過資產形成的債務。他介紹,當然有一些基礎設施投資回報周期比較長,但是資產是實實在在的,將來還會升值。從實際掌握的情況看,有的外媒所報道的一些國家債務問題,與「一帶一路」建設及其項目沒有必然聯繫,這其中有的國家債務水平過去就很高,是多年前已形成的,特別是有的國家債務負擔確實偏重,但主要是從其他國家和國際金融組織長期大量借貸。中國是後來者,並不是最大的債權方。「中方對於共建的項目和相關國家的投資合作,始終重視加強債務管理。」寧吉F表示,在「一帶一路」建設項目的投融資問題上,中國始終堅持以經濟效益為導向,根據項目國實際情況提供貸款,支持項目建設,避免給項目國造成新的債務風險和財政負擔,中資銀行在為項目提供融資前,都會對借款人的負債情況、償債能力作嚴格測算,貸款後也會持續跟蹤監測相關國別風險和主權風險。同時,中資銀行也會通過合理設計融資結構等多種方式,幫助其實現債務可持續。拓第三方市場實現多方共贏寧吉F透露,目前,中國企業已經與發達國家的企業,包括一些大型跨國公司探索開展「一帶一路」建設領域第三方市場合作。中國已經與法國、加拿大、日本、新加坡,還有其他一些國家和國際組織,正式簽署了第三方市場合作的文件,與有關國家推動設立了第三方市場合作的基金。下一步,中方願與有關國家及其企業一起,擴大第三方市場的合作範圍,堅持共商共建共享的理念,開拓投資生產經營的市場,積極創新合作模式,支持企業通過聯合投標、共同投資等多種方式,開拓新的市場,實現優勢互補多方共贏。五年發展成績驕人■中國同沿線國家及地區貿易總額超5萬億美元,年均增長%■中國對沿線國家及地區直接投資超600億美元,年均增長%■中國成為25個沿線國家及地區最大貿易夥伴■中國在沿線建設82個境外經貿合作區,總投資289億美元,創造萬個就業崗位整理:香港文匯報記者張帥﹝